The Modern Gaulish Language
The revival of the Gaulish language: Galáthach hAthevíu


1. A discussion group on, for and in the modern Gaulish language:

2. A comprehensive English-Modern Gaulish-English dictionary:

3. A series of step-by-step lessons in several languages, including English, Portuguese, French, German and Italian:

4. A memrise course:

5. a) A collection of translations of poetry and prose in modern and in old Gaulish:áthach-hAthevíu-Poetry/dp/1511644265

b) a collection of original poetry, songs and stories in the modern Gaulish language:

6. A collection of soundfiles, including songs, in  modern Gaulish:

7. A collection of essays on aspects of Gaulish language and culture:

8. A translation of Asterix The Gaul in modern Gaulish:

9. A translation of Agrippa, a manga about Vercingetorix:

III. References/ Bibliography
Albin, Jacques (2011) “La langue Gauloise – la tuile de Châteaubleau” –
Anderson, Carl (2006-2013), personal communications.
Arbre Celtique,
AtedugyonYektisKeltika Yahoo Group online (2011-2013), discussion forum.
Ball, Martin J. & Fife, James (1993) The Celtic Languages.
Bauer, Brigitte L. M. (1996) ‘Language loss in Gaul: socio-historical and linguistic  
     factors in language conflict’, Southwest Journal of Linguistics, v. 15, no. 1-2, pp. 23-
Bellouesus Isarnos (2006-2013), personal communications,
Bhrghros (2006-2013), personal communications.
Cassell, Michael (2006-2013), personal communications
Celticaconlang Yahoo Group online (2006-2011), discussion forum
Continentalceltic Yahoo Group Online: Bernard Mees, David Stifter, Chris Gwinn, and
     many others (2006-2013)
Coskun, Altay & Zeidler, Jurgen (2003) “Covernames and Nomenclature in Late Roman
     Gaul: The Evidence of the Bordelaise Poet Ausonius”,
Delamarre, Xavier (2003) Dictionnaire de la Langue Gauloise, Editions Errance, Paris.
Eska, Joseph (2008) “Continental Celtic”, in The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World’s
     Ancient Languages, pp. 857-78.
Finsen, Lars (2006-2013), personal communications.
French-English Dictionnary Online,
French-English Dictionnary Online,
Fournet, Arnaud (2011) “About the ethnolinguistics of Gaulish people: the case for a
     Kartic substrate”, The Macro-Comparative Journal, vol. 2, No. 1.
Gray, Louis H. (1944) ‘Mutation in Gaulish’, Language, v. 20, no. 4, pp. 223-30.
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     (1934-2002) The Rise of the Celts.
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Isaac, Graham R. (2007) “Celtic and Afro-Asiatic”, in The Celtic Languages in Contact,
Koch, John (2006) “Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia”,
Lambert, Pierre-Yves (2003) La Langue Gauloise, Editions Errance, Paris.
McKay, Helen (2006-2013), personal communications.
Mees, Bernard (2008) “The women of Larzac”, KF 3, pp. 169-88.
Mees, Bernard (2010) “Words from the well at Gallo-Roman Châteaubleau”, pp. 89-106.
Mees, Bernard (2011) “Wackernagel’s, pro-drop and verb-second in syntax in
     Continental Celtic”,
Mullen, Alex (2007) “Evidence for written Celtic from Roman Britain: a linguistic
     analysis of Tabellae Sulis 14 and 18”, Studia Celtica, XLI, pp. 31-45.
Piqueron, Olivier (2006) Yextis Keltika, Yahoo Celtica Conlang Files,
     (note: file access for members only)
Stifter, David (2000) “The Chateaubleau Tiles”,
Stifter, David (2008) “Old Celtic languages”,
Stifter, David (2009) “Notes on Châteaubleau (L-93)”, KF, pp. 229-244.
Stifter, David (2012) “New Gaulish inscriptions”,
Stifter, David (2012) “Gallo-Latin inscriptions”, Old Celtic Languages, Spring 2012.
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Watkins, Calvert (1955) ‘The phonemics of Gaulish – The Dialect of Narbonensis’,
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     Syntax of Welsh,
Borsley, R. D., Tallermn, M. O. & Wills, D. W. E. (2007) The Syntax of Welsh,
Celtic Literature Collective (n.d.) “Welsh texts (Old and Middle QWelsh)”,
Falileyev, Alexander (2000) “Etymological glossary of Old Welsh,!e-book/book/djvu/A/iif_kgpm_Etymological_Glossary_of_Old_Welsh.pdf
Gareth King (2003) “A Comprehensive Grammar of Modern Welsh”,
Glosbe English-Welsh dictionary,
Middle Welsh Grammar,
Schafer, Roland (2012) “A grammatical sketch of Middle Welsh”,,
“Some Basic Rules of Welsh Grammar”,
Welsh/English/Welsh dictionnary,
Welsh grammar,
Wikipedia for Welsh, Breton, Irish and Cornish grammar, 
Willis, David (n.d.) “Old and Middle Welsh”,
Kevin J. Rottet and Rex A. Sprouse; Tag Questions in Welsh, 2008; John Benjamins Publishing Company;
“Breton Language”,
Breton Verbal Inflection,
Brezhoneg Daou,
Dico Geriadur: Breton Dictionary,
Freelang Breton-English dictionary, Dictionnaire Evolué Francais-Breton,
Glosbe English-Breton dictionary,
Hewitt, Steve (n.d.) “Breton, a tale of two conditionals”,
Kervaker Breton Lessons Online,
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Preder Embannaduriou: Geriadur ar Brezhoneg, 
     (Breton Dictionnary)
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“The Breton verb ‘besan’, ‘to be’”,
“The direct object personal pronouns in Lorient area Breton”,
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     Celtic Linguistics / Ieithyddiaeth Geltaidd: Readings in the Brythonic Languages, eds.
     Ball, Fife, Poppe and Rowland.
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Cornish Grammar,
“Cornish Lessons”,
Cussel an Tavas Kernuak,
Cussel an Tavas Kernuak, “Cornish grammar”,
English-Cornish dictionary,
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“Kernewek Dre Lyther”,
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“Omniglot”, http://www.omniglot/writing/cornish.htm
“Warlinnen, the Cornish Language Fellowship Online”,
Williams, G. P. (1908) ‘The pre-verbal particle re in Cornish’, PhD thesis,
“An Chrannog: Focloir Bearla-Gaeilge”, (Irish dictionnary)
“Basic Outline of the Grammar of Irish for Unreconstructed Linguists”
Comparison Irish - Scottish Grammar,
De Bernardo-Stempel, Patricia [n.d.] ‘Old Irish’,
eDIL, electronic dictionary of the Irish language,  
Gaelic Dictionnaries, (Irish, Scottish & Manx)
“Gaelic Lessons”,
Gordon, Randall Clark (2012) “Derivational morphology of the early Irish verbal noun”,
Gramadach na Gaeilge – Irish Grammar,
Irish Dictionnary,
Irish Dictionary Online:
Irish Grammar
Irish Initial Consonant Mutations,
Learn Irish, Eurotalk Interactive, CD-ROM
“Learn Irish Gaelic”,
“Word Initial Mutations in Celtic Languages”,
Scottish Gaelic
Robertson, Boyd & Taylor, Iain (1993) Teach Yourself Gaelic, A Complete Course for
     Beginners, Hoddor, London (book & cassette)
Stewart, Thomas (2004) Mutation as morphology: bases, stems and shapes in Scottish
     Gaelic (PhD thesis),
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     Morphology, eds Andrew Spencer and Arnold M. Zwicky,
Chao Li (2004) “On verbal nouns in Celtic languages”, Proceeding of the Harvard Celtic
     Colloquium, eds. Jones, Alberro, Bempechat.
“Conjugation of verbs”,  
“Continuous and progressive aspects” - Wikipedia
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Formation of Future Tenses,
Green, Anthony Djubach (n.d.)  ‘The Independence of Phonology and Morphology: the
     Celtic Mutations’,
Hewitt, Steve (2007) “Remarks on the Insular Celtic Hamito-Semitic question”,,  Semitic_question
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     Cambridge University Press,
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Matasovic, Ranko, “Etymological Lexicon of Proto Celtic”,
Matasovic, Ranko (2011) “Problems in the reconstruction of Proto Celtic”,
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Pyatt, Elisabeth J. (n.d.) “Relativised Domains in the Celtic Languages’,
Ronan, Patricia (2006) “Aspects of verbal noun constructions in medieval Irish and Welsh, with reference to similar constructions in Basque”, NUI Maynooth,
Russell, Paul (1990) Celtic wordformation: the velar suffixes.
Sala, M. & Vintila-Radulescu, L. (1984) Les Langues Du Monde, Petit Encyclopédie, in
     Dark Ages Observations.
University of Wales, (Proto-
     Celtic Database)
Venneman, Theo (2003) ‘Languages in Prehistoric Europe North of the Alps’,
Watkins, Calvert (1962) Indo-European origins of the Celtic verb: the sigmatic aorist.
Willem De Reuse (2009), research fellow in linguistics, University of Texas, personal